Jumat, 16 Desember 2011


Ethics Instructor-SENA

On October 3, 1968 “date chosen by the SENA and the British Embassy,” was born Pilot Casting Center, now known as Comprehensive Maintenance Industrial Center. That was 40 years ago.
It’s funny, but this is not easy to find any record, there is hardly a mention in the record 270 of June 10, 1970, SENA Sectional Council, which warns that were present at the ceremony was Minister of Overseas England and Colombian government officials.
The track is lost after the September 25, 1968, when after inspecting the work, Rodolfo Martinez Tono, national director, declared that the opening would be on 3 October 1969 or January, with the presence of President Carlos Lleras Restrepo. The option was the first.
The Regional Santander Sena, or what was mentioned as a regional Bucaramanga and was 10 years old, was born on March 11, 1958 and this was perhaps his first great challenge.
It had been almost four years since Mr. Norman E. Langdale, head of the technical mission of England, a professional mechanical engineer and metal came to Bucaramanga to present the initiative of a school of casting, with an area of 2,700 meters, 15 workshops, classrooms, administration offices, cafeteria, social services and second effort in a sports area and a pool. The workshop separate classrooms to avoid the noise, as seen today.
“Bucaramanga requires a cast center, due to the state it is the metal industry, trying to move from light industry to heavy industry. Once the center is operating, there will be a great achievement for Bucaramanga. (166 minutes January 20, 1965 Regional Council SENA).
For this required the participation of the Division of Engineering and Architecture of the National and the entire team of professionals to design the award and of course the achievement of the land suitable for this work, in which effort was the national director and and was recognized: “The Council Sectional SENA Santander, places on record its appreciation for the magnificent reception given at the National Directorate of SENA, a pilot project for the sectional cast of Santander and is grateful to Dr . Rodolfo Martinez effective management tone that was good enough to advance to obtain the help of the government of England …. ” (166 minutes January 20, 1965 Sectional Council SENA).
The first land visited to erect the building were located near Trefilco Pigs and adjacent to the defunct company Funimag (today work-Transaxle Dana), but the purchase of land had to be done under the supervision of the National Directorate for which arrived in Bucaramanga Cediel engineers and Robertulio Heberto Gonzalez. The money needed to purchase was $ 1,500,000, would be sought by way of loan to the Bolivar Insurance Company “for the purchase of the lot to the Pilot Center of Foundry and to meet the initial costs of building and the same …” . (Act 172 of March 31, 1965).
None of the farms classified. On 12 May 1965 approved the purchase of one million pesos, a lot located “near the intersection of Highway Bucaramanga, Girón, with the road under construction Café Madrid-Floridablanca at a rate of $ 10 per square meter and a room approximately 10 acres, as proposed by Bernabé Angulo Prada and Evil.
After approval of the national delegates, the appraisal of the Institute Agustín Codazzi and the technical concept of the Comptroller General of the Republic, agreed to the delivery of deposit to vendors totaling $ 250,000 and gave powers to the director Sectional to advance relevant documents.
In June of that year Mr. Langdale returns to Bucaramanga to take charge of the project and in September received a visit from Secretary of the Ministry of Development English and the first secretary of the British Embassy, who bring the purpose of providing the name of his government the necessary equipment for the Center Foundry.
It is inevitable then hiring a mechanical engineer and a designer preferably as assistants Mr Langdale. Mario J. Peñas, then a recent graduate of the Universidad Industrial de Santander, who later became the first director of the Pilot Center Foundry, was hired for the job
The process was launched and in May 1966 and there were initial architectural plans, has since suggested channeling the stream of the Church. By October 1966 he was awarded the contract for studies and the structural calculations, Pedro García Arenas assigned a value of $ 6,930. Similarly needed hydraulic studies that would allow channeling of rain water, channeling of streams and sanitary facilities, which were assigned to Jorge Alberto Chacon, valued at $ 12,805 and performed by Jorge Chavez at a cost of $ 237,000
Everything was going so fast, so much that they even proposed the first floor staff, composed basically of a center director, a molding and casting instructor and a pattern shop, as well as a mecanotaquígrafa and a watchman.
Made the necessary processes, topographic maps known to the nod for the National Directorate of SENA is the adjudication process, being handed the work for construction firm Villalba Martinez & Co., whose proposal was the best fit to Final averages and announcing the arrival of a consignment from Inglatera machinery and equipment supplied. (Act 218, May 16, 1967).
Everything was ready … better, almost ready, all we needed was a bridge that would bypass the gorge of the Church, which until then with their large, limited any learning activity. For the construction of the bridge the town of Giron is declared without resources, which the Head of Valuation Departmental Santander offers to SENA alliance with foundry Funimaq to take forward the initiative, which had an estimated cost of $ 105,000, of SENA which would provide $ 35,000 (record 225, November 29, 1967).
Come sing the recruitment of the grid with the signing Gomez and Arango for $ 216.805.47 and the paving of the access awarded to Mr. Antonio Niño worth $ 26.83 per square meter, for a total $ 100,000 and one year warranty.
Thus, after this process, many comings and bickering, the effort and the management of many leading Santander, on October 3, 1968 created the National School of Foundry, now known as the Comprehensive Maintenance Industrial Center. That was 40 years ago …

Senin, 28 November 2011

Where do I find information About Automation?

One of the biggest advances in the field of automation in recent years was the change in the form of access to technical information. Until recently it was common to have large printed manuals for each computer that you wanted to handle. Imagine that a company typically handles three or four different brands of suppliers and within each brand a huge variety of products. This literally meant having a library in the workshop.

Then switched to digital format, taking one to purchase the manuals on CD for each team, or annual collections (eg. The Collection Manual Siemens). This was a breakthrough, saves space and most importantly allows you to search keywords in the text.
We currently have a myriad of technical information on the web, updated and available at any time. Not only manuals, we also find current news on certain products, specifications, firmware updates, and example programs. This great tool can become knowledge for those who are being initiated in a maze with no exit. Those who want to learn how to program a PLC running into an advanced manual can be daunting.
Here I leave some important links when searching for information:
CATALOGUES: download product catalogs SIEMENS
MANUALS: Manual SIEMENS products, always looking for more variety in English.
IMAGE BANK: A bank of images of SIEMENS products, useful in assembling the design or layout

Sabtu, 26 November 2011

Minggu, 30 Oktober 2011

Automating with LOGO!

LOGO! is a mini SIEMENS PLC designed for simple automation tasks. It is usually seen in control lights for stairs, irrigation control or automatic gates. While these tasks seem simple mini PLC that allows to add analog inputs and a communications module.

Here I leave a link to an online course free of charge and most relevant links LOGO!.

Jumat, 28 Oktober 2011

Automating with S7-200

The S7-200 PLC is the low end of the line SIMATIC. Still this team is usually seen in machines of all kinds, from simple sequences of contacts for control of lights, to large positioning control machines and input / output high response. A PLC which allows communications of all kinds: MODBUS Master / Slave, GSM communication to send and receive SMS, PROFIBUS DP (slave only), AS-Interface, Ethernet with web server / mail server / FTP, and how to Freeport create our own protocols or adapt it to non-standard protocols such as for receiving data from a barcode reader.

Here I post a link to free online course and system manual. I am about to open a new blog dedicated to this team to study individually each one of the possible applications.
Free online Course S7-200
Manual S7-200
Example programs TIPS & TRICKS

Minggu, 09 Oktober 2011

Some Benefits of Diesel Engines

If you’ve owned a diesel powered vehicle in the
past or if you own one now, you no doubt appreciate
the qualities this engine provides you with.  More
torque, better fuel economy, and easier maintenance
are but a few of the attributes of owning diesel
powered vehicles.
However, there are some motorists that still
complain about the engine’s weak power, especially
when accelerating from a full stop.  What you
may not be aware of is the fact that a diesel
engine can be tweaked to give more power without
harming the fuel economy.
Diesel engines use air compression to create
combustion versus the fuel/air mixture that is
required by gas engines.  This attribute means
that diesel engines don’t require spark plugs
and therefore don’t need to be tuned up.
Diesel fuel has a much high fuel density than
gas, which results in fuel economy increases
of 20 – 30% over gasoline powered vehicles.
Diesel engines are also cheaper to maintain as
they have less parts than that of a gasoline
powered engine.  The life span of a diesel
engine is also much longer.
If you’re looking for torque, for pulling a
boat or other equipment, then the diesel
engine has the supreme advantage.  Diesel
engines are surely slower, especially when
starting from a dead stop, although when you
climb hills or go over bridges, the diesel
engine is surely up to the task.
With trucks, diesel is normally the leader
over gas engines in terms of performance and
miles per gallon.  Diesel trucks will get
more miles than gas trucks, and the price for
diesel is a bit cheaper than gas these days.
And with gas prices on the rise, diesel will
continue to dominate for a long time to come.
If you’ve owned a diesel powered vehicle in thepast or if you own one now, you no doubt appreciatethe qualities this engine provides you with.  Moretorque, better fuel economy, and easier maintenanceare but a few of the attributes of owning dieselpowered vehicles.
However, there are some motorists that stillcomplain about the engine’s weak power, especiallywhen accelerating from a full stop.  What youmay not be aware of is the fact that a diesel engine can be tweaked to give more power withoutharming the fuel economy.
Diesel engines use air compression to createcombustion versus the fuel/air mixture that isrequired by gas engines.  This attribute meansthat diesel engines don’t require spark plugs and therefore don’t need to be tuned up.
Diesel fuel has a much high fuel density thangas, which results in fuel economy increasesof 20 – 30% over gasoline powered vehicles.
Diesel engines are also cheaper to maintain asthey have less parts than that of a gasolinepowered engine.  The life span of a dieselengine is also much longer.
If you’re looking for torque, for pulling a boat or other equipment, then the diesel engine has the supreme advantage.  Dieselengines are surely slower, especially whenstarting from a dead stop, although when youclimb hills or go over bridges, the dieselengine is surely up to the task.
With trucks, diesel is normally the leaderover gas engines in terms of performance andmiles per gallon.  Diesel trucks will get more miles than gas trucks, and the price fordiesel is a bit cheaper than gas these days.And with gas prices on the rise, diesel willcontinue to dominate for a long time to come.

Sabtu, 17 September 2011

Automating with Step7 – S7-300/400

Time for the greats of the SIMATIC family. The S7-300 and S7-400. These PLC are scheduled from a single interface with the same language and same procedures.

These families are integrated into the SIMATIC Manager, a true project manager who not only allows us to create programs but also interconnect equipment, manage HMI panels, SCADA systems, variable speed, field instruments, and all types of equipment used in industry. All this is due to the Siemens TIA concept (Totally Integrated Automation).

It’s much there is to learn about and SIMATIC Step7 Manager, so I leave here some links to free courses Siemens. They are downloaded to the PC and are in English only.
1) The SIMATIC Manager
2) Architecture SIMATIC S7
3) programming languages LAD, FBD and STL
4) Communication with SIMATIC S7
5) Display – HMI integration
6) Functions test and operation
7) The language S7-SCL high (similar to Pascal)
8) The graphic language S7-GRAPH

Rabu, 13 Juli 2011

Communicating with PROFINET


Within the SIMATIC automation systems have existed various field buses. They have evolved over time into new technologies. For example, buses SINEC L1, L2 or SINEC SINEC H1.
In 1989, in order to allow users to interconnect equipment from different manufacturers Profibus protocol was developed through the work of fifteen companies and institutes, including Siemens company. Profibusprotocol is an evolution of SINEC L2, though unsupported each other. It is not uncommon to find operating IM308B communication modules for the S5-135U, S5-95U communicated with integrated port SINEC L2.
If we study the protocol Profibus according to the ISO / OSI modelfor communications protocols see that in the layer 1, physical layer, uses the standard RS485 . This is a two-wire differential bus is not twisted and shielded.
Profibus today has approximately 20 million nodes installed worldwide, and proved one of the best field buses.
Still, the market demands a step further and thus bringing the PROFINET standard: a bus Ethernet based industrial communication industry.

Minggu, 10 April 2011


Manzanares Educational Institution, which is integrated with secondary education, has reached Automation Center to do their internship three days in Hardware Maintenance and Electronic Maintenance for Domestic and Small Equipment Industry, and 12.13 days 14 May.
In coming days, other educational institutions will be visiting us for this event.
The trainees undertake practical in environments where they demonstrate skills acquired during the training process they have developed since the previous year, the head of this event is the Ing Nestor Mario Murillo Alzate and support with the Sp Augusto García Tamayo, taking into account the group mail and Maintenance 600 189 Industrial Instrumentation has sponsored apprentices Manzanares electronics.

Minggu, 13 Maret 2011

Training Centers National SENA

  1. Improve efficiency and productivity of our educational processes through project learning and the incorporation of various sources of knowledge, establishing methodologies that emphasize the solution of real problems, teamwork, strong and flexible relationship with the changing productive environment and the entry of new technologies.
  2. Increase the level of satisfaction of our customers, through programs and services that they may become relevant and timely response to their needs (work and professional performance and production sector).
  3. Ensure complementarity of technological capabilities for all training centers and the convergence of institutional resources (human, physical, technological, etc.), to generate innovation and sustainable development in the country.
SENA is committed to ensuring quality in the context of competency-based training and learning projects by promoting the acceleration and flexibility of the learning process, and providing an effective response in the provision of institutional services, contributing to the competitiveness country’s productivity and social responsibility and continuous improvement of its processes.
* Technical consulting companies.
* Design of automation to improve industrial production.
* Rental laboratories.
* Production of teaching materials.

Sector RoundtableMetalworking is a space between government, unions, employers, employees, training institutions and SENA, which is conducted to identify competencies required for the productive sector to their Definition and Standardization.
Recognition of a person’s ability to perform a job function with the specified quality at a competitive standard, regardless of how that competence has been acquired.
It is recognized by an evaluation process with an expert who acts as assessor, who collects the evidence on knowledge, product and an individual’s work performance, to determine whether it is competent or not yet, for a certain job function
Services for various local universities and other regions of the country to companies in the region and other Training Centers National SENA.

Jumat, 21 Januari 2011


On 29 and 30 April was held the second version of Creaton organized by Technopark Node Manizales. This year has had the participation of several schools to form groups with trainees of the Seine and to demonstrate their creativity by using electronic scrap.
learners Automation Design and Integration of Mechatronic, 600 202, participated Automation Center, created groups with college students and guests took first, second, third.
The group of winners, led by Felipe Martinez Danielstudent center, created a candy vending machine by using parts from an old VCR.
We congratulate the trainees for their talent, commitment and creativity.